Civil engineering is one of the several engineering courses that you can opt for after you have passed your twelfth standard. In that sense, civil engineering is equivalent to graduation. There are two types of civil engineering courses depending on their terms and the degrees offered. You can opt for a four year course of civil engineering and get a degree, which is usually a B.E. or B. Tech. You can also opt for a three year course of civil engineering in which case you would get a diploma.
To sign up for a diploma course, you may not complete your twelfth standard in some cases. Having passed the tenth standard, you can sign up for the diploma course. For the degree course which will fetch you a B.E. or B. Tech degree, you need to graduate from high school, which is the twelfth standard, with a certain percentage of marks. The desired percentage of marks varies from state to state and in accordance with the cut-offs required by different admission or entrance tests. You must have had science in your twelfth standard, particularly math, physics and chemistry. You may not have biology and instead may have computer science as your optional fourth science subject in high school.
Before you can enroll yourself for a civil engineering course at a reputed college, university or institute, you need to appear for an entrance test. There are many types of entrance tests, some are conducted by state governments, some are conducted by central or federal governments and some tests are conducted by autonomous educational bodies. There are national, regional and state level entrance tests which you have to pass to sign up for a civil engineering course. Your rank would determine if you can enroll yourself and the specific rank and demand for the course will decide what colleges or institutes you can apply for. The IITs are the hardest to get into while there are many private or new institutions which do not require a very high rank in the entrance tests.
Civil engineering is a rewarding degree, especially because India is poised for industrial and infrastructural growth. Whenever there is rapid urbanization, industrial development and the need for basic and state of the art infrastructure across a region or a country, civil engineers are among the most in demand because they are the backbone of construction and development. The job prospects for civil engineers are unprecedentedly high at this point in time and would remain so for at least two decades if not more.
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